LUNDOLOKA MAFUTA Guyguy1, MBUMBA BANDI Michel1,2*, FATIMA BINTI RAMAZANI Julie1, MBIKAYI BIAYI Gabin2, BRIKI MAYO Moïse3

Socioeconomic and environmental aspects of the manufacture of charcoal at Kinsaku Muanda, Madimba, Kongo Central, D. R. Congo.

A study was carried out in the province of Kongo Central at Kinsaku Muanda to analyze the socioeconomic and environmental aspects of charcoal making. The survey was carried out from March 2 to May 2, 2018 among 75 charcoal manufacturers. The data were processed on the basis of averages using Excel 2010 software. The result of this study showed that charcoal making is exclusively men activity, the majority of them exploit wood in family concessions during fallows or forest galleries and wooded savannas so that they produce more than 5 bags of charcoal of about 25 to 50 kg per oven and for which the price of a bag varies between 5,000 and 20,000 Fc. The products are sold locally in the village and in markets in Kinshasa. But, the activity of making charcoal is not very profitable economically. Several tree species are used for the manufacture of charcoal among which: mango (Mangifera indica L.), safou (Dacryodes edulis), avocado (Persea americana), black wood (Milletia laurentii), etc. Moreover, it emerges from this study that environmental consequences linked to the production of charcoal are not well perceived by the respondents. They are more concerned with money than with the ecosystem’s conservation. According to the respondents, the two major problems they face are the scarcity of forest species and the low demand for charcoal. The majority of respondents mentioned reforestation as a local strategy for the sustainable management of ecosystems. Télécharger l'article