NDONGOSI MUNTU Fiston*, N’SINABAU EYAY Raïs, NSANGONDAMU NZELA Gospel, MBAA MAZEYI Glody, MAGOGA KUMBUNDU Mago

Epidemiological and clinical profile of pediatric emergencies at the general reference hospital of N’djili / ISTM-Kinshasa, R.D. Congo.

Pediatric emergencies are frequent in our environment and infant mortality is still a major public health problem. The objective of our study was to determine the epidemiological and clinical profile of patients admitted to pediatric emergencies at the N’djili General Reference Hospital / ISTM-Kinshasa. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study that was carried out from September 1 to December 31, 2019 on 331 patients admitted to the General Reference Hospital of N’djili / ISTM (Higher Institute of Medical Techniques)-Kinshasa. Fifty-two percent of the patients were male (Sex ratio 1.1). Children under 5 years of age represented the majority of patients (83.4%). Fever was the main reason for consultation (81% of cases), 58% of patients were referred. Severe malaria (41%), acute febrile gastroenteritis (32.3%) and neonatal infection (14%) were the most common pathologies. Twenty-two percent of the patients received a blood transfusion, the consultation time after 24 hours was 93.4% and the overall mortality was 14.8%. Severe malaria, acute febrile gastroenteritis and neonatal infection were the main causes of admission to Pediatric Emergencies at the N’djili General Reference Hospital / ISTM-Kinshasa. The overall mortality rate was high there. Téléchargé l'article