KANDU-LELO ASSEKUKA Clement1*, MASUMU MULUMBU Justin2, TSHILENGE CURE Georges1, LUFIALUSU NZOTUFWIDI Chancard1, MUNGONGO MAYAMA Paulin1,

Goat breeding in Lwiro/South Kivu in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Technical, health, socio-economic aspects for improvement

A technical and socio-economic analysis, followed by prospects for improvement of goat farming in Lwiro, South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, was carried out using semi- structured surveys from November 2018 to July 2019, in 41 farms in nine villages. These farms are largely held by women aged 28 to 50, belonging to the Shi ethnic group. The goats concerned are products of local breed weighing between 20 and 25kg and raised in a traditional way (no veterinary intervention, no dietary supplements). Medicinal plants are generally used for health care. The sale of these animals takes place in the village and/or at the market at any time of the year and according to domestic needs. It is realized with intermediary traders at an average price of 40 to 60 US $ after negotiation. This form of sales is satisfactory for women because they do not spend much in this activity where the animals are fed with grass found for free in the wild. Currently, the profitability of this breeding is low. However, the possibilities of improvement exist. Well-structured research will need to be conducted regularly to determine the correct farming system, to determine the objectives and needs of herders, to study possible solutions to encourage the grouping of breeders into associations of small ruminants’ breeders and to make the appropriate genetic choice for the system.Téléchargé l'articlle