NSALAMBI NSUKA Steve1,2,4*, KABAMBA MWAMBA Matthieu Willy4, MBALE PEMBELE Yves6, KABAMBI NGABU Prosper1, MAKUMBU LUBAMBA Trésor3, MPIANA TSHIPAMBE Serge3, MASUMU MULUMBU Justin2,3,4,5

Identification and ecology of tick infesting cattles and sheeps in savannahs and Forest ecosystems in western Democratic Republic of Congo

An investigation was conducted in two ecosystems (savannas and forests) in western DRC to identify tick species circulating in cattle and sheep in order to update tick mapping in this part of the country, to assess their abundance and the risks they can cause on these animals, in order to propose a control program adapted to local conditions. These investigations were conducted at the Batéké Plateau (Savannah Zone) and the Mushie Ranch (Forest Zone) for six months, from November 2012 to April 2013. Out of 938 ticks harvested, three types were recorded using identification keys; they are Amblyomma sp (89.1%), Rhipicephalus sp (10.5%) and Hyalomma sp (0.4%). A strong predominance of Amblyomma variegatum was observed in both ecosystems. Thus, the three genera identified were present at the Batéké Plateau, whereas only one genus (Amblyomma) was found in Mushie and on animals, most ticks were collected on the ventro-genital part (75%). These results could already be a breach for updating tick mapping in western DRC.

Good breeding behavior and weekly application of acaricides on animals in the form of bathing or spraying are solutions considered in the first line in the fight against ticks. Télécharger l'article