N’SINABAU EYAY Raïs1*, KASONGO MADIBULAYA Moïse1,2, MESOPAMBA KIANA Jacques1, AMULI KABALI Sophie1, MBUMBA MPANYA Valentin1, MUYUKU MUSEMA Lionel1

Antibiotic prophylaxis and surgical site infection at N'djili general reference hospital/ ISTM-Kinshasa

Antibiotic prophylaxis, also known as antibioprevention, is the use of an antibiotic for therapeutic purposes to prevent the occurrence of a potentially dangerous infection. The aim of this study is to estimate the infection rate at the surgical site (ISO) in clean and clean contamined surgery after antibiotic prophylaxis and in precarious environment. The present study was conducted at the reference general hospital of N’djili from March 1st, 2017 to March 30th, 2018 from 253 patients. Among the 83 who complied with antibiotic prophylaxis, 689 were female with a sex ratio of 0.20 for females. Infection at the operation site occurred in 4.8% of cases receiving antibiotic prophylaxis. The cumulative percentage of surgical site infections was 8.3%. The rate of surgical site infections after antibiotic prophylaxis is close to the incidence of ISO in sub-Saharan Africa. Télécharger l'article